1. Committee Assignment: Sponsors of legislation attempt
to improve its chances by getting it assigned to a committee on
which they serve and where they can shepherd it through the process.
[Video: Committee assignment rationale?]
2. Multiple Referral: Sending a piece of legislation to
more than one committee increases its chances of passage by creating
competition between committees to do their work well and quickly.
This is rare in the Senate. Under current House rules, however,
bills can be split between committees or referred to different
committees sequentially but not simultaneously.
[Video: Multiple referral]
3. Creative Drafting: Bills are often drafted with particular
committees in mind. Committees are not random samples of either
chamber and have particular preferences. For example, a bill to
use National Park Service personnel to teach environmental stewardship
could go to either the Education or Interior Committees.
[Video: Mention of own committee]